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秘笈 | 四六級寫作大寶劍,拒套範本,一招制敵!

天龍八部+六脈神劍

陳曲老師獨家筆記

(2016年12月新版)

Q : 什麼叫天龍八部?

天龍八部其實就是句型仿寫, 把寫作中最為高頻的句式進行一定的羅列, 考生可以在寫作中自由組合!

這並非作文範本, 相反需要考生靈活運用。

第一部分 · 天龍八部

>描述類經典句

用法:...很重要, ...很必要

句型:

_______ plays an extremely important role.

____ is of utmost importance.

Nothing plays a more important role than _______.

替換詞:

important可以替換詞彙:significant(意義深遠的)essential(關鍵的) indispensable(不可替代的) pivotal(中樞作用的)key(關鍵的)等等。

注意:indispensable 不可替代, 本身就代表了非常重要, 所以千萬不要寫extremely indispensable.

變通:

我們也可以換成其他意思, 比如 it is of great necessity to do sth. 表示做...非常必要

比如play a role/part也可以表示扮演著重要的角色。

結合經典開頭:

There is little doubt that …

It cannot be denied that …

It is beyond doubts that …

It is generally accepted that …

There is a growing recognition that …

It has been widely noted that …

It goes without saying that …

綜合版:

(1) 閱讀經典書籍非常重要

It is generally accepted that nothing can play a more indispensable role than reading classic books.

(2) 從網路中獲取資訊很重要, 但是閱讀傳統書籍也很必要。

It is very important to acquire useful information online, but it is still of great necessity to read traditional books.

(3) 大學排名

My View on University Ranking

It has been widely noted that university plays a fundamental role in one’s cultivation and provides a platform for higher education.

>重視類經典句

用法:重視...

句型:

pay attention to …

attach importance to …

lay emphasis/stress on …

綜合版:

(1) 我們應該重視教育。

We should pay special attention to education.

(2) 我們應該重視好習慣的培養。

We should attach great importance to developing good habits.

(3) 我們應該重視環境保護。

One should lay great emphasis on environmental protection.

(4) 中國正在面臨嚴重的環境問題。 作為一個大學生, 我們應該重視保護我們的地球。

Currently, China is facing a serious environmental issue. As university students, we shouldattach great importance toprotecting our planet.

(5) 作為一個90後, 我們應該重視保持健康。

As the post-90’s generation, we shouldpay special attention tomaintaining good health.

衍生:

套句 ... capture/draw one's attention

一次性塑膠袋的使用引起了大量公眾關注。

The use of disposable plastic bags has captured/drawn a great deal of public attention.

套句 much attention has been paid to ...

大家都很關注如何有效地進行資訊處理。

Much attention has been paid to how to process information effectively.

>議論類經典句

用法:...產生了爭議

句型:

(1) there is much controversy over ...

我們是否該控制物質的欲望, 這個議題引起了爭議

There is much controversy over whether we should control our desire for materials.

(2) as regards ..., there is much controversy among ...

關於我們是否該控制物質的欲望, 在公眾中引發了很多爭議。

As regards whether we should control our desire for material, there is much controversy among the general public in our society.

(3) opinion vary when it comes to ...

當談及到我們是否該控制物質的欲望, 大家觀點不一。

Opinions vary when it comes to whether we should control our desire for material.

綜合版:

對於學習有沒有捷徑這個問題, 同學們各執一詞。

(1)There is much controversy over whether there is a shortcut to learning.

(2)As regards whether there is a shortcut to learning, there is a heated discussion amongcollege students.

(3)Opinions vary when it comes to whether there is a shortcut to learning.

>結果類經典句<>

句型:

exert a positive/negative/great impact on …

It cannot be denied that economic growth exerts a great impact on our environment.

綜合版:

(1)網路對於我們的日常生活產生了巨大的影響, 這是不爭的事實。

It cannot be denied that the Internet exerts a huge impact on our daily life.

(2)環境污染對我們的健康。

It has been widely noted that environmental pollution can exert a negative influence on our health.

>見證類經典句

用法:在某時某地發生了...(該句型實際解釋為:...見證了...)

句型:

… witness …(用時間和地點做主語)

過去幾年裡, 越來越多的父母把孩子送到藝術學校去。

(改寫成:過去幾年見證了越來越多的父母把孩子送到藝術學校去。 )

The past several years haswitnessedan exponential increase in the number of parents who wish to send their kids to art classes.

替換詞:

exponential 表示上升的程度, 可以替換成 dramatic / sharp / considerable / striking

綜合版:

(1)The past few years haswitnessed a burgeoning economy in China.

During the past several years, China haswitnessed a rapid economic development.

China has experienced a rapid economic development in recent years. (替換)

Europe has suffered from a great financial loss in recent years. (替換)

注:the past several years後面接has和have均可。 一方面, 一段時間後面用has沒有問題;另一方面,

用have也可以, 表示這幾年年年都見證了。

(2)練習:近幾年來, 中國見證了資訊的爆炸。

China has witnessed the great information explosion during the past several years.

(3)近年來在學生中出現了忽視中文的現象。

The past several years have witnessed a thought-provoking phenomenon that we students pay very little attention to the study of Chinese.

>使動類經典句

用法:...使得...

句型:

enable/allow/render sb. to do …

追求物質主義使得我們拋棄希望, 放棄夢想, 沉浸在物質世界的快樂中。

The pursuit of materialism enables/allows one to abandon his hope, give up his dream and indulge himself in the pleasure of the material world.

綜合版:

(1)網路能讓我們更有效的溝通。

The Internet allowsusto communicate more effectively.

(2)虛心使人進步。

Modesty enablesoneto go forward. (Conceit makes one lag behind.)

(3)抵制誘惑可以讓我們培養好習慣。

Resisting temptation allowsoneto develop good habits.

補充經典句型:

offer sb. sth. / offer sth. to sb.

provide sb. with sth. / provide sth. to sb.

bring sb. sth.

物質世界能給我們提供快樂的幻覺, 而精神世界能給我們提供生活真正的樂趣。

Material world could offer us the illusion of happiness, while spiritual world could provide us withreal pleasure for life.

閱讀能給我們提供知識。

Reading can provide us with sufficient knowledge.

網際網路能給我們帶來很多便利。

The Internet can bring us much convenience.

>引出類經典句

用法:...成為了...重要的社會問題

句型:

(1) … has arisen as one of … (很適合開頭句)

孩子的教育已經成為最重要的社會問題之一。

Children’s education has recently arisen as one of the essential problems.

(2) ... has become one of ...

環境保護問題已經成為了對於政客和科學家同等關鍵的議題。

The environmental protection has become one of the key issues for politicians and scientists alike.

(3) ... emerge into one's vision 進入到...的視野裡

環境問題進入到了我們的視野中。

The issue of environmental problem has emerged into our vision in recent years.

綜合版:

(1)資訊真偽近來成為了一個重要的問題。

The credibility of information has recently arisen as one ofthe heated topics, as can be found in the columns of many city newspapers.

(2)資訊安全近來成為了一個重要的問題。

The issue of information security has recently arisen as one ofthe heated topics.

>趨勢類經典句

用法:越來越...

句型:

More and more people …

An increasing/ A growing number of people …

People in mounting numbers …

注意:in mounting numbers裡numbers有s!而a growing number of裡number沒s!

綜合版:

(1)越來越多的人開始重視如何有效處理資訊。

People in mounting numbers are paying much attention to how to process information effectively.

(2)隨著網路的普及, 網路課程越來越受大學生的歡迎。

With the popularity of internet, online courses have gradually emerged into our vision and become increasingly prevalent among college students.

總結:其實天龍八部就是教大家如何模仿句型,

目前我已經在微博上推出天龍八部的衍生版——降龍十八掌(哈哈哈!), 學有餘力的同學可以繼續進行句型仿寫, 以下舉幾個例子。

1.owe/attribute A to B 將A歸因B

Many people owe their success not to formal schooling but to self-education.

很多人並不將他們的成功歸結於正式教育。

2.dedicate/devote oneself to 致力於…

I think it is very noble for him to dedicate himself to public service.

我覺得他將自己投身於公共服務這件事非常地高尚。

3.stem/result from … 源於…

The pressure of finding a job among college students stems largely from the population explosion.

大學生尋找工作的壓力很大程度上來源於人口膨脹。

4.lead to/result in/give rise to 導致…

Technological advances can lead to more efficient uses of natural resources and sustain economic growth.

科技的發展可以使我們更有效率地使用自然資源以及維持經濟增長。

5.in terms of … 在某一方面…

Tourism is becoming a global industry, an industry which ranks second to none in terms of size and global influence.

旅遊業已經成為一個世界產業, 一個就規模和全球影響而言都獨一無二的產業。

6.take … into consideration 把…考慮在內

Governments should take into consideration enormous challenges and opportunities presented by global aging when making decisions.

政府在做決策的時候, 需要考慮到全球老齡化所帶來的巨大機遇和挑戰。

7. tend to/be likely to/be inclined to … 傾向於…

A sweet smile tends to avoid the conflict, iron out the discrimination and shorten the distance between people.

笑容能規避衝突, 消除分歧, 縮短人和人之間的距離。

第二部分 · 經典背景句

(上過課的同學知道, 我們把它成為wnwdwslm句)

這些句子一般用在引出主題或者觀點前, 加上背景。

比如:人民生活水準顯著提高, 因此網路越來越重要。

網路越來越普及(The Internet has played an increasingly important role.)是觀點或者主題, 前面可以加上背景, 比如隨著改革開放, 人民的生活水準有顯著提高(With the reform and opening-up in recent decades in China, people’s living standard has been very much improved. )

連在一起:

With the reform and opening-up in recent decades in China, people’s living standard has been very much improved. The Internet has played an increasingly important role in our society.

以下先羅列7句

1. With the reform and opening-up in recent decades in China, people’s living standard has been very much improved.

隨著改革開放, 人民的生活水準有顯著提高。

2. With the development of economy and society, competition is increasingly fierce.

隨著經濟和社會的發展, 競爭越來越激烈。

3. It is well-known that we exist in a dynamic world with various difficulties. We can do nothing but face them. Attitude is the key point to take the first step.

眾所周知, 我們生活在一個存在很多困難的動態的世界裡, 我們只能面對他們。 態度是邁出第一步的關鍵點。

4. Smartphones have penetrated every aspect of daily life.

智慧手機已經滲透入日常生活的方方面面。

5. With the accelerated pace of contemporary life, people’s work and life are increasingly stressful.

隨著當代生活的節奏加快, 人們的工作和生活壓力越來越大。

6. Resource exhaustion, environment degradation, and aging population constitute the three major national issues confronting human beings.

資源耗盡, 環境惡化, 和老齡化人口組成了人類面臨的三大問題。

7. Life is ten percent what you make it and ninety percent how you take it. The value of life lies not in the length of days, but in the use we make of them. So having right values in life is very important for us, especially youngsters.

生活的10%在於你如何創造它,90%在於你如何接受它,生活的價值不在於天的長度,而在於我們的利用,因此具有正確的價值觀非常重要,尤其對於年輕人

第三部分 · 六脈神劍(起承轉合獨評)

1. “兩點”怎麼表述?

Firstly, … Secondly, …

To begin with, … Furthermore, …

On the one hand, … On the other, …

In the first place, … Besides, …

2.“順接”和“轉接”怎麼表述

順接:

as a result / as a consequence / consequently / thus / hence / therefore

轉接

however / nevertheless / nonetheless

3.“總結”怎麼表述

總結

in conclusion, all in all, in a word

簡而言之

in short, in brief, to sum up

如前所述

as has been mentioned above

given the factors I have just outlined

4.“個人觀點”怎麼表述

in my eyes

as for me

from my perspective

as far as I am concerned

To my knowledge

From my level of understanding

附贈六脈神劍完整版:

啟部:用於引導第一點

首先:1. first, firstly, first of all; 2. to begin with, to start with; 3. in the first place, first and foremost

一方面:1. on the one hand (on the other); 2. for one thing (for another thing).

承部:承接前面觀點

其次 --- second, secondly, third, thirdly

進一步 --- furthermore, what’s more, moreover

此外 --- besides, in addition

結果--- consequently, as a consequence/result, thus hence therefore, on this account, in light of this

轉部:轉折語義相反

技巧1:but改although/in spite of/despite

如:Selecting their favorite lecturer does bring great benefits to students’ study, but it also cause a number of problems.

Although selecting their favorite lecturer does bring great benefits to students’ study, it also causes a number of problems.

In spite of/despite its great benefits for students’ study, selecting their favorite lecturer does cause a number of problems.

注:很多老師建議but改成in spite of the fact that. 那麼那些老師有興趣去看看GMAT語法,這種寫法叫wordy或者redundancy(冗長,累贅)。但是如果改成in spite of this,那還可以。不過前面需要句話句掉。

技巧2:but改yet/while/whereas

如:Many people argue that the spring festival gala should not be cancelled, but others adopt a completely different view.

Many people argue that the spring festival gala should not be cancelled, while others adopt a completely different view.

此外還可以用:

不幸地:sadly unfortunately

相反地:on the contrary, by contrast, conversely

事實上:as a matter of fact, in fact

然而:nevertheless, nonetheless

合部:小結上文中段落的內容

總結:in conclusion, all in all, in a word

簡而言之:in short, in brief, to sum up

如前所述:as has been noted / mentioned above

given the factors I have just outlined

taking into account all the above factors (後面主語用I)

獨部:個人觀點標誌詞

personally speaking可以用in my eyes, as for me, as I see it

in my opinion可以用from my perspective

from my point of view可以用as far as I am concerned

it seems to me that可以用from where I stand, my stance is that …

評部:在觀點前可以加一些副詞來評價

Interestingly, surprisingly, more importantly

Especially, particularly

Undoubtedly, apparently, evidently, obviously, conceivably等等

應用篇

大家可以看下天龍八部和六脈神劍的威力

應用範例1:

2011年12月

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Nothing Succeeds Without a Strong Will by commenting on the humorous saying, “Quitting smoking is the easiest thing in the world. I’ve done it hundreds of times.” You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

參考:

Nothing Succeeds Without a Strong Will

As a humorous saying goes, “Quitting smoking is the easiest thing in the world. I’ve done it hundreds of times.” This saying intends to inform us that a strong will plays an extremely important role in achieving success (主題).

Why, you may wonder, is a strong will so essential for success. To begin with, with the rapid development of economy, people’s living standard has been very much improved. However, competition is increasingly fierce. A strong will enables us to concentrate on our work and compete with others even in difficult time. Furthermore, it is well-known that we exist in a dynamic world with various new changes. A strong will also allows us to persist on the road we choose.

Given the factors I have just outlined, I personally argue that it is a strong will that exerts a positive impact on success (學會變換句式). As far I am concerned, if one makes friends with those who have strong wills, he is more likely to succeed in the future.

應用範例2:

2016年6月六級

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on living in the virtual world. Try to imagine what will happen when people spend more and more time in the virtual world instead of interacting in the real world.

天龍八部+六脈神劍最喜歡這類需要自己寫背景段的!

第一段參考例文:

There is a growing recognition that the Internet has played an increasingly important role in our daily life. It allows us to communicate more effectively, read the latest news, and make transaction online. Consequently, the past several years has witnessed a growing number of individuals who are willing to indulge themselves in the virtual world. This will obviously exert a huge impact on our future. (65 words)

應用範例3:

2016年6月四級

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter to express your thanks to one of your school teachers upon entering college. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

信只是一個格式,重要的是裡面的血肉,天龍八部搞定核心的中間段很輕鬆!

信件的中間段參考:

To begin with, I would like express my sincere gratitude to your generous help. During my study of College English Test, I faced a lot of challenges. I found it very difficult to write an essay since my vocabulary was very limited. However, your instruction and encouragement were of enormous value. I finally successfully passed the CET-4 with high scores. Moreover, you are a good teacher as well as a great friend. The past several years have witnessed our close friendship. You pay special attention to our life quality and always tell jokes to us. Your positive attitude exerts a huge impact on my life.

總結:天龍八部通過句型套用,靈活組合,可以出現在文章的各種段落。希望通過背幾個死範本而獲得高分的同學要學會更靈活的應付考試。祝大家成功!

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和老齡化人口組成了人類面臨的三大問題。

7. Life is ten percent what you make it and ninety percent how you take it. The value of life lies not in the length of days, but in the use we make of them. So having right values in life is very important for us, especially youngsters.

生活的10%在於你如何創造它,90%在於你如何接受它,生活的價值不在於天的長度,而在於我們的利用,因此具有正確的價值觀非常重要,尤其對於年輕人

第三部分 · 六脈神劍(起承轉合獨評)

1. “兩點”怎麼表述?

Firstly, … Secondly, …

To begin with, … Furthermore, …

On the one hand, … On the other, …

In the first place, … Besides, …

2.“順接”和“轉接”怎麼表述

順接:

as a result / as a consequence / consequently / thus / hence / therefore

轉接

however / nevertheless / nonetheless

3.“總結”怎麼表述

總結

in conclusion, all in all, in a word

簡而言之

in short, in brief, to sum up

如前所述

as has been mentioned above

given the factors I have just outlined

4.“個人觀點”怎麼表述

in my eyes

as for me

from my perspective

as far as I am concerned

To my knowledge

From my level of understanding

附贈六脈神劍完整版:

啟部:用於引導第一點

首先:1. first, firstly, first of all; 2. to begin with, to start with; 3. in the first place, first and foremost

一方面:1. on the one hand (on the other); 2. for one thing (for another thing).

承部:承接前面觀點

其次 --- second, secondly, third, thirdly

進一步 --- furthermore, what’s more, moreover

此外 --- besides, in addition

結果--- consequently, as a consequence/result, thus hence therefore, on this account, in light of this

轉部:轉折語義相反

技巧1:but改although/in spite of/despite

如:Selecting their favorite lecturer does bring great benefits to students’ study, but it also cause a number of problems.

Although selecting their favorite lecturer does bring great benefits to students’ study, it also causes a number of problems.

In spite of/despite its great benefits for students’ study, selecting their favorite lecturer does cause a number of problems.

注:很多老師建議but改成in spite of the fact that. 那麼那些老師有興趣去看看GMAT語法,這種寫法叫wordy或者redundancy(冗長,累贅)。但是如果改成in spite of this,那還可以。不過前面需要句話句掉。

技巧2:but改yet/while/whereas

如:Many people argue that the spring festival gala should not be cancelled, but others adopt a completely different view.

Many people argue that the spring festival gala should not be cancelled, while others adopt a completely different view.

此外還可以用:

不幸地:sadly unfortunately

相反地:on the contrary, by contrast, conversely

事實上:as a matter of fact, in fact

然而:nevertheless, nonetheless

合部:小結上文中段落的內容

總結:in conclusion, all in all, in a word

簡而言之:in short, in brief, to sum up

如前所述:as has been noted / mentioned above

given the factors I have just outlined

taking into account all the above factors (後面主語用I)

獨部:個人觀點標誌詞

personally speaking可以用in my eyes, as for me, as I see it

in my opinion可以用from my perspective

from my point of view可以用as far as I am concerned

it seems to me that可以用from where I stand, my stance is that …

評部:在觀點前可以加一些副詞來評價

Interestingly, surprisingly, more importantly

Especially, particularly

Undoubtedly, apparently, evidently, obviously, conceivably等等

應用篇

大家可以看下天龍八部和六脈神劍的威力

應用範例1:

2011年12月

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Nothing Succeeds Without a Strong Will by commenting on the humorous saying, “Quitting smoking is the easiest thing in the world. I’ve done it hundreds of times.” You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

參考:

Nothing Succeeds Without a Strong Will

As a humorous saying goes, “Quitting smoking is the easiest thing in the world. I’ve done it hundreds of times.” This saying intends to inform us that a strong will plays an extremely important role in achieving success (主題).

Why, you may wonder, is a strong will so essential for success. To begin with, with the rapid development of economy, people’s living standard has been very much improved. However, competition is increasingly fierce. A strong will enables us to concentrate on our work and compete with others even in difficult time. Furthermore, it is well-known that we exist in a dynamic world with various new changes. A strong will also allows us to persist on the road we choose.

Given the factors I have just outlined, I personally argue that it is a strong will that exerts a positive impact on success (學會變換句式). As far I am concerned, if one makes friends with those who have strong wills, he is more likely to succeed in the future.

應用範例2:

2016年6月六級

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on living in the virtual world. Try to imagine what will happen when people spend more and more time in the virtual world instead of interacting in the real world.

天龍八部+六脈神劍最喜歡這類需要自己寫背景段的!

第一段參考例文:

There is a growing recognition that the Internet has played an increasingly important role in our daily life. It allows us to communicate more effectively, read the latest news, and make transaction online. Consequently, the past several years has witnessed a growing number of individuals who are willing to indulge themselves in the virtual world. This will obviously exert a huge impact on our future. (65 words)

應用範例3:

2016年6月四級

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter to express your thanks to one of your school teachers upon entering college. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

信只是一個格式,重要的是裡面的血肉,天龍八部搞定核心的中間段很輕鬆!

信件的中間段參考:

To begin with, I would like express my sincere gratitude to your generous help. During my study of College English Test, I faced a lot of challenges. I found it very difficult to write an essay since my vocabulary was very limited. However, your instruction and encouragement were of enormous value. I finally successfully passed the CET-4 with high scores. Moreover, you are a good teacher as well as a great friend. The past several years have witnessed our close friendship. You pay special attention to our life quality and always tell jokes to us. Your positive attitude exerts a huge impact on my life.

總結:天龍八部通過句型套用,靈活組合,可以出現在文章的各種段落。希望通過背幾個死範本而獲得高分的同學要學會更靈活的應付考試。祝大家成功!

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